is a way of life which believes in pure and pious living. It is a dynamic and
practical religion. It has got certain principles and discipline to follow.
More important than belief in the principles of the Sikh faith is the actual
practice of the teachings of the Gurus. There are set rules and ways for the
ideal life in Sikhism which determine Sikh beliefs and practices.
of Conduct is called Sikh Rehat Maryada. It is a manual and code of discipline
for the followers of Sikh faith for social, moral, religious, spiritual and
general living. According to the Sikh code of conduct published in 1945 by
Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee Amritsar, a Sikh must practice the
concept of Bani (Spiritual life) and Bana (Uniform with Five
Kakars). He must live up to the Internal and External code of conduct.
Rehat Maryada means living a pure, pious and spiritual inner life. External
Rehat Maryada means the outer code of conduct and visible living of virtuous
life (Bani & Bana i.e. Norm and Form)
Maryada literally means “the code of conduct or way of life”. Rehat means mode
of living or conduct and Maryada means tradition, practice of the faith or code
or discipline of life. It extends its meaning to life discipline. It meets the
principles for ethical, moral and spiritual life. It is a code which tells the
Sikh followers “how to live and how not to live”. It is a manual for the Sikh
which tells him to live like a Lotus which has its roots in muddy water but its
flower blooms floating pure and spotless over the muddy base.
is essentially a practical religion. It gives great significance to voluntary
discipline and self-restraint in the physical, mental, moral and spiritual
fields. Sikhism gives reverence to its sacred traditions (Maryada), heritage,
culture and religious living. It does not call for blind and arrogant
compliance of its way of life. Sikh Rehat is touch stone which reveals the
purity and perfection of the Khalsa.
Rehat Maryada is willing
believes in willing discipline of body and mind. It aims at serving the mankind
and attaining the Ultimate Reality through Naam Simran, Sachi Kirat and Wand
Chhakna. There is no use of coercion in observance of the discipline. It is not
punitive. The code of Sikh conduct is positive, correctional and requires the
devotee to attune with the Will of God.
believes in gradual progress of Sehaj Dharis to become the Khalsa. The deviants
and slow movers are to be treated with sympathy and loving care so that they
learn their roots and join the main stream.
Rehat Maryada has been evolved on the basic principles of God’s universe,
discipline of planetary system and the law of nature. Human body, mind and
consciousness are gifts of the Lord leased to mankind for a pre-determined life
time. Sikhism wants these gifts to be used for attainment of God through
service of mankind.
doctrine of five Kakars gifted by Guru Gobind Singh helps the Sikhs to live
life in full measure and with universal resources. The Guru ordained not only
the Khalsa how to live but also how not to live. He gave certain do’s and
don’ts to the Khalsa Panth.
very essential to point out that no individual or individual organisation has
the authority to change or alter the Sikh Rehat Maryada as per personal needs
and whims. Every Sikh is required to bow head before the Sikh Rehat Maryada
published by Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. There is only one Rehat
Maryada for the Khalsa Panth, it does not belong to any particular Jatha or
entity, yet as Sikhs we are all obliged to follow it.
explicit in Gurbani that the principles of Gurmat are unchangeable and of
permanent standing: The Instruction of the Guru is Unshakable. None can change
“Gurmat Mat Achal Hai Chalaey
Na Sakey Koey”
Every Sikh must strengthen its rallying point
i.e. Sri Akal Takht Sahib Amritsar